What are the symptoms of Down syndrome?

Though the likelihood of carrying a baby with Down syndrome can be estimated by screening during pregnancy, you won’t experience any symptoms of carrying a child with Down syndrome.

At birth, babies with Down syndrome usually have certain characteristic signs, including:

  • flat facial features
  • small head and ears
  • short neck
  • bulging tongue
  • eyes that slant upward
  • atypically shaped ears
  • poor muscle tone

An infant with Down syndrome can be born an average size, but will develop more slowly than a child without the condition.

People with Down syndrome usually have some degree of developmental disability, but it’s often mild to moderate.

Mental and social development delays may mean that the child could have:

  • impulsive behavior
  • poor judgment
  • short attention span
  • slow learning capabilities
Medical complications often accompany Down syndrome. These may include:
  • congenital heart defects
  • hearing loss
  • poor vision
  • cataracts (clouded eyes)
  • hip problems, such as dislocations
  • leukemia
  • chronic constipation
  • sleep apnea (interrupted breathing during sleep)
  • dementia (thought and memory problems)
  • hypothyroidism (low thyroid function)
  • obesity
  • late tooth growth, causing problems with chewing
  • Alzheimer’s disease later in life

People with Down syndrome are also more prone to infection. They may struggle with respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, and skin infections.

Link: https://www.healthline.com/health/down-syndrome#symptoms

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